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22/05/2017

Cushing's syndrome and your body hormones

Cushing's syndrome is a collection of symptoms that arise from exposure to high levels of the hormone cortisol. This condition in some cases develops slowly and symptoms are mild. However, it can also develop quickly and heavier

Symptoms of Cushing's syndrome include weight gain, moon face, fat accumulation in the area between the neck and the shoulders (buffalo hump), decreased sexual arousal, and weakening of bone structure.

In addition, people with Cushing's syndrome can also experience thinning of the skin so the skin becomes easily bruised. The appearance of reddish purple stretch marks on the arms, chest, abdomen, thighs, and lower legs can also occur.

Causes of Cushing's Syndrome
The main cause of Cushing's syndrome is the excessive amount of the hormone cortisol in the body. One of the triggers for this is the side effects of the use of corticosteroid drugs, such as prednisone and glucocorticoid, in the long run. High risk occurs in patients with lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, and asthma because corticosteroids are often prescribed by doctors as part of handling these conditions. In addition, corticosteroids are also commonly used for postoperative recovery of transplant or organ transplantation.

In addition to corticosteroid side effects, high levels of cortisol hormone in Cushing's syndrome can also be caused by complications of adrenal tumor and pituitary gland tumors found at the base of the brain. Both types of tumors are classified as very rare it triggers the body to produce the hormone cortisol in large quantities.
Diagnosis of Cushing's Syndrome
The diagnosis of Cushing's syndrome is not enough just to look at physical symptoms, such as thinning of the skin resulting in the appearance of stretch marks or bruises, fat accumulation in the area between the neck and shoulders, and rounded face. It would be easier for the doctor to draw the conclusion that a person suffering from Cushing's syndrome if he also took corticosteroids for a long time, in addition to the appearance of visible physical signs.

But if the patient is not a corticosteroid drug user, then the doctor needs to do further tests to determine the existence of symptom relation with high levels of cortisol hormone in the body. Measurement of this hormone cortisol can be done with a blood test, urine, and saliva. Examinations such as CT scans and MRI scans can be performed to detect the presence of tumors in the adrenal or pituitary gland.
Treatment of Cushing's Syndrome
Cushing's syndrome treatment is done by handling the underlying factors. If an unusual increase in the amount of cortisol hormone in the body is caused by the side effects of corticosteroid use, the doctor may lower the dose or even discontinue use and replace it with other drugs.

But if laboratory results show that Cushing's syndrome is caused by tumors lodged in the adrenal or pituitary gland, then one possible treatment is surgical procedure to remove the tumor or other treatment to shrink, such as radiation or drug administration.

During the treatment, patients can reduce the severity of the symptoms and prevent worsening through the daily diet. If you have Cushing's syndrome, it is recommended to eat foods rich in vitamin D and calcium to help protect bone. Also, consume low-fat foods so that symptoms of weight gain under these conditions can be controlled.

see also how to fix hormonal imbalance

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