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07/06/2017

The kind of diet recommended for body and brain

Maintaining brain health can be a variety of ways, ranging from exercise routine, perform brain teasers like crossword puzzles to adjust the diet. One of them is by imitating the spanish habit of adding olive oil or nuts to every food menu.

Previously the habit of adding olive oil and nuts or so-called Mediterranean diet is known to reduce the risk of death from heart attacks and stroke by 30 percent.

Specifically, a team of researchers from the University of Navarra, Spain, found that people who regularly consume these healthy fats did not tend to show early symptoms of dementia or senility compared with people whose diet is mediocre.

"Our findings increasingly prove the protective effect of the Mediterranean diet on cognitive function," said lead researcher Miguel Martinez-Gonzalez as reported by nbcnews on Wednesday (5/22/2013).

Martinez and his colleagues involved 500 participants who were asked to adapt a diet consisting of salads, fruits, vegetables, nuts, little fish, little meat, a little cheese and olive oil for more than 6.5 years

Participants aged between 55-80 years are all at high risk of heart disease due to diabetes, have a family history of heart disease, high blood pressure, unhealthy cholesterol levels, overweight or smokers.

Then randomly participants were asked to add extra olive oil or beans into their daily menu or be asked to apply a standard diet by reducing fat intake alone.

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Six years later, the 500 participants underwent two tests to determine the risk of dementia and cognitive impairment (which often lead to dementia) they have. As a result, 60 participants had mild cognitive impairment: 18 people from the group of participants were asked to add extra olive oil to their daily menu, 19 people from the group of participants were asked to add beans and 23 people from the group of participants who were asked to apply a standard diet by reducing Fat intake alone.

But 35 participants were diagnosed with dementia: 12 participants consumed extra olive oil, 6 participants added beans and 17 participants adapted a low-fat diet.

"It turns out that this diet is known to reduce the inflammatory process that can damage the brain.Even a number of studies have shown that olive oil can fight the 'plaques' of beta-amyloid found to cause blockage in the brain of Alzheimer's patients," Martinez explained via e- Mail.

The study has been published in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry.

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